Interview with Reza Dormishian and Fatemah Motamed-aria: I Hope This Movie Will Be the Song of the People Who Sleep in the Streets

Reza Dormishian was born in 1981 in Tehran. He studied English Language and in 1997 began writing as a movie critic for a number of newspapers. He was an assistant to some prestigious Iranian filmmakers, together with Dariush Mehrjui and labored as a screenwriter. He began making quick movies in 2002. His first function movie, “Hatred”, has been chosen in Montreal and Venice Movie Competition. His subsequent films  are all chosen and awarded in worldwide festivals. 

Fatemah Motamed-Arya was born in Tehran, Iran in 1961. From her very younger age, she participated in theater dramas and muppet reveals in Kanoon-e-Parvaresh in Tehran. She is a graduate of the Tehran Artwork Academy. She has gained greater than 30 performing awards. She has gained greater than some other Iranian actress and earned recognition as Greatest Iranian Actres ever. She apparead in additional than 45 lengthy options underneath supervision of individuals reminiscent of Mohsen Makhmalbaf, Rakhshan Bani-Etemad, Abbas Kiarostami or Bharam Beyzai…In France, she labored with Sophie Calle, Sabine El Gemayel and lots of different administrators. She has been a jury member in lots of pworldwide prestigious movie festivals in Iran, India, USA , Tajikstan, Australia, Italy, Egypt and France.

On the event of “No Alternative” screening at FICA Vesoul, the place it additionally gained the Viewers Award, we converse with them about homeless folks in Iran, the conflict between two robust girls each of which wish to assist, the intirguing cinematography of the film, the Iranian film indsutry and lots of different matters

After “I’m Not Indignant!”, you had lots of points with the authorities. How did you handle to beat them and proceed capturing?

Reza Dormishian: I needed to combat to shoot my subsequent movies, however I managed to shoot two options, some documentaries and “No Alternative” , so I believe I’m OK now. 

What was your goal in capturing “No Alternative”?

It was a problem in my thoughts to indicate the problems girls face in Iran however the primary focus was the homeless folks in Iran. I researched the problem for 2 years with Human Rights activists, went to the locations they sleep and spoke with them, and I didn’t like what I noticed and heard in any respect. After these two years, the script was full, however really it was not, it was accomplished when the film was full, the script developed, which led to additionally including the idea of sterilization. 

I hope this film would be the tune of the individuals who sleep within the streets and don’t have any ID card, the movie is for these folks. There are Iranian folks in Iran that do not need an ID card, as a result of they have no idea the place they have been born or who their mother and father are, and even what they must do to get an ID. I hope we are able to change one thing about them. Greater than 3 million Iranian folks within the nation don’t have any ID and live on the streets. 

Doesn’t the federal government wish to change that?

Fatemah Motamed-Aria: No the federal government pushed them to be like that 

Are the locations they dwell in harmful? 

Reza: Typically, as a result of there are medication in lots of of those locations 

What concerning the buses they sleep in at evening?

Reza: They’re public buses, however at evening, the drivers hire them to the homeless. They’re chilly and uncomfortable, however of their minds, these are like accommodations. It’s now a phenomenon in Iran, referred to as Bus Sleeping” 

I’d additionally like so as to add that this girl showing within the movie serving to she is an actual character, she has constructed the “Home of the Solar” an NGO that helps girls who’re hooked on medication

So, this factor, with folks paying for homeless girls to turn into surrogates, does it really occur in Iran?

Reza: Sure, generally it does. 

What would you say is the primary distinction between the physician and the lawyer? 

Reza: Each the physician and the lawyer wish to do the identical factor right here, to assist the woman. However the lawyer needs to do it inside the guidelines and the physician is keen to disregard them. The physician’s mentality is “that is my job, I do know that is higher for her”. The lawyer additionally needs to alter the principles, however will not be keen to disregard them till they alter. 

Why are all of the protagonists girls?

Reza: I wished to inform a narrative about girls, with girls. Additionally, for the reason that movie contains a weak woman who will get advantaged, I additionally wished to incorporate some robust girls, just like the physician and the lawyer. I wished to indicate all elements of ladies in Iran.

Fatemah: In Iranian society, girls have a bonus in realizing when one thing fallacious is going on, and so they have extra energy to observe such circumstances because the one within the film. We didn’t really present all the ability they’ve (Laughter). 

Reza: On the identical time, girls often turn into victims, as portrayed within the film. 

The physician has deserted her household basically, to  assist folks. How does that make you are feeling as a mom? 

Fatemah: She can not depart her work, and most of all, can not cease serving to poor folks. The hospital she works at is a public hospital, and he or she prefers to remain within the nation and assist than going overseas together with her household. I can perceive the character as a result of I’m the identical additionally. My son lives in New York, however I by no means depart Tehran. I want to be there and battle for issues I may help change in our society. 

Why did you resolve to play this position, what did you want essentially the most about it? 

Fatemah: I used to be not eager about the mom, I used to be eager about the lady, who’s lively and in addition actually needs to assist and he or she thinks that she will be able to obtain one thing by breaking the regulation. I don’t choose her, I agree with what she does within the film, and that’s the reason I favored this position. In actuality, if I used to be in her place, I’d most likely do one thing related. 

Allow us to say the film continues, what would occur to the physician? 

Reza: She would proceed to assist, however homeless folks would stay within the streets…

How is the state of affairs of the well being system in Iran?

Reza: In case you have cash it’s OK. 

Fatemah: You will need to have insurance coverage

Reza: However now, as a result of sanctions, there is a matter with the supply of drugs in Iran. The well being system will not be a precedence of the Authorities.

What’s then? 

Fatemah: To get extra money for themselves

Reza: Within the movie, you see all elements of Iran. You see very wealthy folks and the wealthy elements of the town, and the physician will not be poor both. However you see that she is at all times eager about the poor folks within the streets, who’re really all over the place. 

I already requested Sivi why she wished to be within the film, however why did you forged her? 

Reza: I beloved her performing since I used to be baby (laughter), she may be very well-known in Iran, probably the greatest actresses within the nation an I really believed that she might assist this character develop. When I’m writing a script, I share it with the actors and actresses, and he or she thought lots concerning the movie and actually helped in its shaping. Additionally, folks in Iran actually love her face and her character, and I wished the physician to be perceived as an excellent individual, if another person was in her place, perhaps folks would dislike the physician. 

Fatemah: The character may be very layered, to start with of the movie for instance, you could assume she will not be an excellent individual. Step-by-step although, you uncover the remainder of the layers of her character. Me and Reza talked concerning the script for 3 months, and we modified many issues, though he was adamant about not altering sure elements. Ultimately although, we agreed

Reza: She was the primary to signal a contract to play on this film, if she didn’t comply with play the position of the physician, perhaps the opposite characters must change. For me it was an exquisite expertise to work together with her, it’s essential to work together with her to grasp how excited she is about performing. 

Fatemah: It was an excellent expertise for me too, as a result of when you’re working with an clever director, not every little thing must be defined, only a look is sufficient. That was how our cooperation was like, we by no means talked an excessive amount of throughout the capturing, additionally as a result of we had talked a lot earlier than. I knew his thoughts, his ideas, and so every little thing was quick and simple. 

What about Negar Javaherian, who performs the lawyer?

Reza: She is a really clever actress and I additionally loved my cooperation together with her. I want to add one thing right here. That is the primary time that each one my actors are professionals. Earlier than “No Alternative”, in all of my films, the actors have been first timers, solely with one exception. This was a problem for me, working with professionals. Ultimately, it was a pleasant expertise. Often, the thoughts of execs “freezes”, they concentrate on the technical elements. Not Fatemah’s although, she particularly is at all times keen to debate and experiment 

How was your collaboration together with her?

Fatemah: It was good as a result of I knew her since she was a pupil and we’ve got additionally labored collectively many occasions. We additionally mentioned lots up to now, she requested about performing, if she ought to examine in London, Tehran and many others. I knew her very properly so it was straightforward working together with her. 

What did you reply although, in her questions?

Fatemah: I informed her that she ought to go examine in London after which resolve, as a result of it’s troublesome. 

Within the film, you utilize many sudden shut ups and zoom-ins. Why did you select this strategy?

Reza: I shot the film utilizing lots of lenses however all with 250 to 500 fps, which was actually troublesome for the DP. These zoom-ins are a part of my movie kind, I wish to irritate the viewers and push them to see the actual elements I’m zooming in. I  make the flicks the best way I watch them, with my eyes. I wish to switch, by my decoupage, my emotions to the viewers in several methods, and that’s the means I assumed was higher to do it

What concerning the modifying? 

Reza: With the tune and the modifying, I wish to talk rigidity.

Fatemah:  Reza informed the editor how and when to make the cuts, he already knew from earlier than and had informed us how the cuts of the movie could be 

Reza: I’d additionally Iike so as to add that I’ve an excellent crew in Iran, very gifted folks. The editor, Hayedeh Safiyari has labored with Asghar Farhadi and is taken into account one of the best in Iran, Mohammad Reza Delpak, the sound designer has labored in lots of Kiarostami and Panahi films. 

Does the truth that there are such a lot of shut ups to your face make it harder so that you can act, significantly since you don’t discuss that a lot within the film? 

Fatemah: Appearing is troublesome however I grew up with the digital camera, so I take pleasure in any sort of capturing model. I’m really well-known for performing with out dialogue, with my eyes, in order that was not troublesome.

Are you able to give us some particulars relating to the Iranian film trade?

Fatemah: I believe it’s in a transitional section between the earlier and the present technology. The present technology must be taught concerning the previous but in addition do one thing for his or her future. I’m full of hope for the brand new technology, as a result of my technology sort of stopped in some unspecified time in the future, however now we’re reaching the top of the bridge. 

And the way about actresses, are there many alternatives? 

Fatemah: After all, identical to earlier than, there are lots of elements for girls actors. 

Reza: We’ve greater than 400 films yearly in Iran, 200 options, and the remaining are documentaries, TV films and many others. Additionally we’ve got 330 films out of Iran, crucial films, co-productions. Individuals love cinema in Iran and so they go to the cinemas. There are solely Iranian films taking part in in cinemas in Iran.

Fatemeh: Via satellite tv for pc, nonetheless, you may watch every little thing, Netflix, HBO. 

What about your future tasks?

Fatemah: I’m in the course of capturing a film, a love story in the course of the struggle between Iran and Iraq, and in addition I can be taking part in within the theater, a play about immigrants, a topic I actually love. I even have a few proposals to work on mini sequence and I’ve acquired some scripts to test.

Do you ever get drained? 

Fatemah: No, it is sort of a passion to me, I take pleasure in it lots. I’m not drained in any respect. 

Reza: I’m writing, I’ll see the place it will get me.

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